By A. R. Disney
The dominion of Portugal used to be created as a spinoff of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. without geographical raison d'?tre and no seen roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement unexpectedly started to acquire an empire of its personal, finally extending greater than midway around the world. The historical past of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing rather on historic scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, bargains readers a entire evaluate and reinterpretation of the way all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a new release. quantity I issues the background of Portugal itself from pre-Roman occasions to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II lines the historical past of the Portuguese in another country empire.
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Extra resources for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)
As the Portuguese army stumbled on across a scorching terrain it was watched and shadowed. Abd al-Malik, though seriously ill – he was allegedly the victim of slow poisoning – was an experienced and wily commander. He chose the place and time to spring his trap carefully, waiting till the Portuguese were traversing open ground between the second creek and the Loukkos, and highly vulnerable to the Berber light cavalry. On 4 August 1578, Sebastia˜o realised action was imminent and drew up his men in a defensive square formation.
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These internal divisions were fundamental and persisted in one form or another for many years. King Duarte ﬁnally gave his approval for an expedition against Tangier in 1437, placing Henrique in command with Fernando as his deputy. But the force with which they eventually set sail for North Africa late that summer was signiﬁcantly under-strength. Moreover, Tangier had received plenty of notice and was well prepared to defend itself. There was therefore no repeat 14 15 Cook W F 1994 p 93; Thomaz L F R 1994 pp 70–1.