By James Hogg
This publication considers the ways that 388 males secured posts within the Scottish universities 1690-1806, from the purge following the Revolution of 1688 to the tip of Henry Dundas's political profession. so much professors have been political appointees vetted and supported by way of political factions and their leaders. This research considers the politics of patronage appointments on the universities in Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews. The bettering schedule of political consumers and of these they served is taken into account and its relation to the Scottish Enlightenment is explored.Emerson argues that what used to be occurring in Scotland was once additionally taking place in different elements of Europe the place, in rather self sufficient localities, elite buyers additionally formed issues as they wanted them to be. In contemplating the origins and help for the Enlightenment, the jobs of buyers can be thought of. This paintings is predicated on a lot archival examine and provides considerably to what's identified in regards to the Scottish professoriat in the course of the interval. For a few its arguments might be of significance; for others it's going to function an invaluable reference paintings at the universities, one that provides a lot to what's identified approximately them.
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Extra info for Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment
When clerics made trouble, they did so as much as political partisans as men of the cloth pursuing religious ends. Unlike the other universities in this period, there were no teaching posts at Glasgow controlled by private patrons other than the College meeting. There was, however, much meddling by genteel outsiders in the selection of professors. It occurred because so many desired to place dependants and to further their, or someone’s, political or cultural agenda. Most of those who interfered came from families which had long been connected to the College and, like the Dukes of Hamilton or the Mures of Caldwell, had endowed bursaries to which they might name holders and over which they still had some oversight.
A third family connection came in time to be called ‘the Squadrone volante’ or simply ‘the Squadrone’. The name came from the period of the Union debates and referred to this group’s willingness to change stands as a matter of strategy and tactics. There were of course many other men and small groups whose politics was purely opportunistic. The absence of ideological unity, the opportunism of poor noblemen, the discontents of the populace and the fears of the pious were all exacerbated by government instability in London to which the malaise of Scots contributed.
26 A conventicle preacher in 1679, he had been hunted. In 1688 he was teaching theology privately in Glasgow. 27 Sir John Maxwell of Pollock was to be rector from 1691 to 1717. Wodrow married twice, both times to women from Glasgow merchant families. 28 His broader message was the primacy of the conscience rightly guided, a message that later men would use against subscriptions to creeds, for legal reforms and on behalf of other enlightened causes. He was also, like the principal, interested in natural history and had studied medicine and botany.