By Hywel Williams
The 500 years that separate the mid-tenth century from the mid-15th century represent a severe and formative interval within the heritage of Europe. This used to be the age of the method of criminal and army legal responsibility referred to as 'feudalism', and of the beginning and consolidation of robust kingdoms in England, France and Spain; it was once an period of urbanization and the growth of alternate, of the development of the good Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals, of courtly romance and the paintings of the troubadour, and of the founding of celebrated seats of studying in Paris, Oxford and Bologna. however it was once additionally an epoch characterized by means of brutal army event within the launching of armed pilgrimages to disencumber Jerusalem from Muslim keep an eye on, of the brutal dynastic clash of the Hundred Years' conflict and of the devastating pandemic of the Black loss of life. In a series of scholarly yet available articles - followed by means of an array of gorgeous and actual photos of the period, plus timelines, maps, boxed beneficial properties and exhibit rates - unusual historian Hywel Williams sheds revelatory mild on each point of a wealthy and intricate interval of eu heritage. Ottonians and Salians; upward push of the Capetians; Normans in England; beginning of the city-states; The Normans in Sicily; the 1st campaign; The Investiture contest; The Hohenstaufen; The Angevin Empire; 12th-century Renaissance; Triumph of the Capetians; The 3rd campaign; The Albigensian campaign; the distinction of Islamic Spain; the dominion of Naples; The Hundred Years struggle I; The Hundred Years struggle II; Avignon and the Schism; The Golden Age of Florence; The Reconquista; Popes, Saints and Heretics; Medieval society; Medieval tradition; Medieval conflict.
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Extra info for Age of Chivalry: The Story of Medieval Europe, 950 to 1450
THE RISE OF THE CAPETIANS 843 The Treaty of Verdun divides Charlemagne’s former empire into three kingdoms: East and West Francia are separated by a “middle kingdom” extending from the North Sea to north Italy. 987 Hugh “Capet,” founder of the Capetian dynasty, is elected king of West Francia. 1108 Accession of Louis VI to the French throne. He reasserts rights of lordship over lands within the Capetian royal demesne in the Île-de-France. 1124 Louis VI leads his army to a victory over the forces commanded by the German emperor Henry V.
English, Norman and Scandinavian positioning ensued. Cnut’s marriage to the widowed Emma solidified his power base, but their son Harthacnut died after a brief reign. Ethelred and Emma’s son Edward had spent long years in exile after joining his maternal relatives in Normandy. His accession to the English throne in 1042 restored the line of Anglo-Saxon kings, albeit with a Norman slant, and Edward “the Confessor” proved a good patron to the many Norman clergy, soldiers and officials who traveled with him from the duchy to the English court.
In 950 he launched a major campaign across the Alps in support of Queen Adelheid of Italy who was being threatened by the rebellion of Berengar, margrave of Ivrea in the peninsula’s northwest. Success in battle led to Otto’s recognition as “king of the Lombards” by the Italian nobility. The decisive defeat he inflicted on the Magyars at the Battle of the Lechfeld on August 10, 955 entrenched his authority over the German aristocracy. The king’s war machine gained another crushing victory on October 16, 955 when it defeated the Obodrites, a Slavic tribe established in the region of Mecklenburg on the Baltic coast.