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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II

The U.S. military is within the strategy of destroying the nation's stockpile of getting older chemical guns saved at 8 destinations within the continental usa and on Johnston Atoll within the Pacific. initially, incineration was once selected for the destruction of those shops, yet this system has met with public competition, and Congress directed the military to strengthen substitute applied sciences for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. to help the military during this strategy, the NRC used to be requested to guage the engineering layout examine of the 3 Blue Grass applicants. This booklet provides an research of varied matters relating the proposed engineering layout package deal for the Blue Grass facility.

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Extra info for Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot

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Task 2 For the second task, the NRC will assess the ACWA Engineering Design Study (EDS) phase in which General Atomics and Parsons/ Honeywell (formerly Parsons/Allied Signal) will conduct test programs to gather the information required for a final engineering design package representing a chemical demilitarization facility at the Pueblo, Colorado stockpile site. The testing will be completed by September 1, 2000. Based on receipt of the appropriate information, including: (a) the PMACWA-approved EDS Plans, (b) the EDS test reports produced by General Atomics and Parsons/Honeywell, (c) PMACWA’s EDS testing database, and (d) the vendor-supplied engineering design packages, the committee will: At the request of the DoD’s Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA), the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons will provide independent scientific and technical assessment of the Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (ACWA) program.

17 not recommend a best technology or compare any of the technologies with the baseline incineration system in use at some storage sites. Members of the committee visited the demonstration test sites for the three technologies selected for Demo I before the unit operations were systemized in January 1999, but data-gathering activities had to be terminated on March 15, 1999, before the results of the Demo I tests had been received, to allow producing a final report by September 1, 1999. The committee’s report was submitted for peer review on May 1, 1999, and released to the sponsor and the public on August 25, 1999 (NRC, 1999).

Until more information becomes available on the speciation of lead and the solubility of lead picrate under the conditions of hydrolysis, the possibility of solid lead picrate formation cannot be dismissed. As a precautionary measure, lead-based propellants should be processed separately from tetryl and tetrytol, eliminating the possibility of lead picrate formation. General Finding (Blue Grass) 4. Based on the results of EDS testing and the engineering design package, the committee believes that the AEA SILVER II™ total solution technology package could eventually destroy the assembled chemical weapons stored at the Blue Grass Army Depot.

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