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By David Kalhous

An research of the early Přemyslid realm presents a chance for spotting the significance of other elements serious about the formation of strong social constructions within the early medieval regnum. The modern narrative emphasizes the significance of violence, the place the Přemyslid princes and their strong retinues imposed princely will on elites and freemen in Bohemia and Moravia. notwithstanding, our cognizance additionally turns to the frustrating proof of assumed strong cavalry armies and the significance of verbal exchange among prince, elites and church, just a little problematizing the position of violence because the basic software of governance.
Furthermore, an research of “otherness” in Saxon chronicles and a comparability of other traditions of St. Wenceslas and nice Moravia be certain the significance of the “Identitätsbildung”-process and “ideology” as stabilising components within the new Přemyslid regnum.

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2 million litres of grain. That implies 4,200–7,350 inhabitants in the region of Litoměřice, dwelling in 111 settlements, each inhabited by 38–66 people. The settlements’ existence is evidenced by both archaeological and written sources. According to these estimates, the population density in the inhabited areas of the Litoměřice region would have equalled 14–15 persons per km2, after deducting the České Středohoří, the highland range in Northern Bohemia. 75 Josef Žemlička, Čechy v době knížecí (Prague: Lidové noviny, 1997), 36–37.

126. 14 František Graus did not specify this fact. 15 Dušan Třeštík, “Von Svatopluk zu Bolesław The Brave: Entstehung Mitteleuropas aus der Kraft des Tatsächliches und aus einer Idee,” in The Neighbours of Poland in the tenth Century, edited by Przemysław Urbańczyk (Warsaw: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2000), 125–127. g. 35 (1985): 75–94. , 82–84. See also above. , in Der frühmittelalterliche Staat, 331–353. 16 Dušan Třeštík, Počátky Přemyslovců: Vstup Čechů do dějin, 530–935 (Prague: Lidové noviny, 1997), 389–392, 435–440.

65 See n. 44. 66 Jana Krejsová – Petr Vachůt – Petr Hejhal, “Válečné konflikty v raně středověkých Čechách a na Moravě. Konfrontace archeologie a písemných pramenů,” in Funeralia Lednickie. Spotkanie bytomskie 10 (Poznań: Stowarzsenie naukowe archeologów polskich Odzial w Poznaniu, 2008): 385–412. 24 chapter one their opponents in the East might have had armies of a comparable size, too. Even if one assumes the existence of such large field armies in the early Middle Ages, this estimated size of Boleslav’s army does not account for the success of his expansion, in other words the establishment of the “realm”.

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