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By Yoshiyuki Kikuchi

Anglo-Japanese and American-Japanese connections in chemistry had an enormous effect at the institutionalization of medical and technological greater schooling in Japan from the overdue 19th century and onwards. They helped outline the constitution of eastern clinical pedagogical and examine method that lasted good into the post-World international II interval of big technological improvement, while it grew to become one of many largest prone of chemists and chemical engineers on this planet subsequent to Europe and the us. In telling this tale, Anglo-American Connections in eastern Chemistry explores quite a few websites of technology schooling reminiscent of instructing laboratories and study rooms - the place British and American lecturers mingled with eastern scholars - to shed new gentle at the lab as a website of world human come upon and complex social kin that formed clinical perform.

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Extra info for Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry: The Lab as Contact Zone

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According to the record of a conversation in London between three Chōshū students and a British merchant with experience of living in Japan, the Chōshū students seem to have clearly articulated their mission in 1864. ”57 An effect of their contact with Williamson and Graham is clear: their view on their mission changed from learning naval techniques to learning applied sciences and useful arts. Itō and Inoue Kaoru, who had left for Japan shortly before, did not join this conversation, but they were well aware of what the remaining Chōshū students were doing.

Financial circumstances at UCL promoted acceptance of Japanese students as well. ”19 However negative the financial circumstances may sound, they created a favorable condition for potential international students, including the Chōshū and Satsuma, to receive education at UCL. Williamson’s cosmopolitan background probably contributed to his enthusiasm for hosting Japanese students. 21 Alexander Williamson junior was familiar with utilitarian philosophy through these family connections. I interpret this as a key to understanding Williamson’s interest in Asia and his cosmopolitan outlook exemplified in his inaugural lecture as professor of practical chemistry at UCL in 1849.

No special arrangements will have to be made by the college for the Japanese of their instruction as my assistants will do all that is needed. 44 As this quote shows, unlike the Chōshū students, the Satsuma students were trained not in the Birkbeck Laboratory, UCL’s main student laboratory for practical chemistry, but in the preparation laboratory for demonstrations in the chemistry lecture hall. It was a sensible arrangement because this laboratory was most probably Graham’s regular workplace at UCL.

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